Last month, the US Census released its most recent five-year American Community Survey data, with lots of detailed numbers on working women. Over the past 15 years, the rate of employment among women 25 to 54 has dropped in the US; meanwhile, "employment for prime-age men in the United States has been falling for most of the past half-century," according to the NY Times, which recently mapped the rates of working women by census tract. We've gone a step further and now mapped the locations in Los Angeles where the difference between male and female employment is most extreme. The locations of the city's largest gaps are pretty revealing.
Dark colors in the maps below indicate the biggest disparity between the genders, while white areas indicate equal employment or lack of data. The darkest colors indicate a difference of more than 50 percent (subject to margin of error). Looking at the overview map above, it's clear male employment far outpaces female employment in the relatively poor areas south and east of Downtown. Overall employment is not only low in these parts of Los Angeles, but women are disproportionately jobless.
There's also a large disparity in some of Los Angeles's wealthiest areas, such as Palos Verdes and Malibu. The Census Bureau survey asks a lot of questions about employment, but doesn't ask any questions about what people do when they don't work, or why they might choose not to work, so it's hard to say exactly why wide gaps might exist.
The employment disparity that pervades Los Angeles (and the country) is nearly nonexistent in well-educated, youthful Santa Monica. The census tracts that encompass Venice report likewise, but Venice tracts further inland show a disparity of 20 to 30 percent.
The rolling hills of Palos Verdes Estates hold one of the largest swaths of employment inequality.
Several neighborhoods in South LA, including the areas surrounding the University of Southern California, have some of LA's biggest disparities in employment rates. The difference isn't much better in East LA.
Koreatown and Downtown
The rapidly gentrifying areas of Echo Park and Bunker Hill in northern Downtown show a very small disparity, but South Park, in the bottom half of Downtown, has one of the biggest differences in the area.
Similar to Palos Verdes, Malibu and parts of Orange County have a huge gap in employment because of (or despite) their wealth.
Pomona and Riverside