This past Saturday, the winners of “A New Infrastructure: Innovative Transit Solutions for Los Angeles,” a joint SCI-Arc's SCI-FI program/The Architect’s Newspaper-sponsored competition, were announced at the downtown school. The contest asked entrants to design new transit infrastructure for the city using Measure R funds ($40 billion). First place winners ($3000 prize): Más Transit, a group that wrapped high-speed rail around the city, connecting it to the city's current (and forthcoming) subway and bus lines. Additionally, the team tied urban planning to the rail: Development sprouts up in a "mat" like pattern around the high-speed rail stops, a strategy that "locates development somewhere between between urban renewal and urban infill." This proposal also means the majority of single family homes around these hubs will disappear (sorry, Sherman Oaks). In praising the winners, here's what local urban planner/transit designer Roland Genik, one of the judges, said: "It was the most non-traditional approach in how you look at density. It challenged the notion of building along a corridor." And referencing the proposal's density aspect, Genik said: "We have to get away from the notion that [owning] a single-family home equates a good quality of life." We'll happily agree with that theory if it means that people will stop shooting themselves when they lose their homes. (Pictured: All of the images from the first place winners; click through to the Flickr set and click each image to read the accompanying text) UPDATED: Bios of team added at end of post.
Statement from Joshua G. Stein, Jacob M. Brostoff, Jaclyn Thomforde, Aaron Whelton, Más Transit team:
Más is regional high-speed rail for Los Angeles with a landscape to match. It diversifies the communities in the built environment, making travel less necessary, easier and more predictable, and bypassing roadway congestion through a new raised infrastructure. A partnership between the public and private sectors creates varied opportunities for organic development. Travel times improve over time with the addition of new trains. Más also links local and inter-regional commuting; providing frequent service that will sync up with the California High Speed Rail network. San Diego via más is less than an hour away, including transfer times; San Francisco is less than three hours away.
Facts about the rail:
---The high-speed train would be elevated and follow the path of the existing highways. It would link existing bus and subway lines.
---One of the inspirations for the high speed rail is the 24.1 mile Yamanote Line in Tokyo, a circular route that connects major cities, but also serves as a rail and bus connector. There are departures about every two to four minutes in each direction. But unlike masTransit’s rail, that rail isn’t high-speed.
---According to the team, the same route wouldn’t work with light rail because car goers would still be able to travel faster than the subway ie any type of transportation that doesn't beat the car isn't going to work in Los Angeles, according to the group.
---The trains would reach speeds of 100-250 miles an hour. High speed train technology does have the capacity to speed up and slow down at incredibly fast levels between stations, according to the team, but the cost of using that technology wasn’t analyzed as part of this proposal.
--- In cases where there are existing subway stations, the high-speed rail stop would weave into the neighborhood.
----The model specifically links land use policy and transportation. Rather than a corridor idea, where development follows a linear path of development (for example, the type of development near Wilshire Blvd), the idea is that development follows a mat-like pattern, spreading out into the neighborhood. For example, right now a high-rise or larger building is usually placed right next to a transit line, but one block behind that is a single-family home. This approach looks to phase in a mix of development.
---About 80-90 percent of single family homes around the high-speed nodes would disappear in the next 30-40 years. What would follow would be an organic phasing in of development. Figured in the equation are so called hold-outs, ie, people who won’t sell their homes. Again, the team wants to bring density and development further into the neighborhood. A “light forest” approach rather than clear-cutting is imagined, they say.
Thoughts on winning team from urban planner/transit designer Roland Genik:
---The proposal really breaks down the idea of neighborhood. One of the points raised during the panels was the notion of neighborhoods are passe. Transportation has to be thought of as national, as linking national destinations, not just regional destinations.
---The entry also challenged the notion that Los Angeles has a city center, challenged the notion that everything has to feed into Union Station ie transportation has to have a central hub.
-----OK, but could we do this? Well, maybe. The biggest obstacle is public resistance to the planning part of the model, according to Genik. There will be resistance "when we tell people they will lose their homes," said Genik. "I would say this is 30 years away."
Additionally, this Friday from 2-4 pm, there'll be an event to discuss the winners at Metro's headquarters (Windsor Room, 15th Floor, One Gateway Plaza, Los Angeles).
The competition jury:
---Thom Mayne, Eric Owen Moss, Neil Denari
---Aspet Davidian, director of Project Engineering Facilities, LA County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
---Cecilia V. Estolano, chief executive officer, CRA/LA
---Gail Goldberg, director of planning, City of LA
---Geoff Wardle, director, Advanced Mobility Research at Art Center College of Design
----Roland Genik, Urban Planner and Transit Designer
mÃ sTransit design team
Joshua G. Stein heads the Los Angeles research and design studio Radical Craft which strives to develop material sensibility across all scales of design through the intersection of traditional craft and contemporary fabrication. He has taught at Cornell University, Woodbury University, SCI-Arc, and the Milwaukee Institute of Art & Design and holds a Master of Architecture from the University of California, Los Angeles. www.radical-craft.com
Aaron Whelton is a designer and educator based in Portland, Oregon. He has practiced in New York and Los Angeles and his independent design firm, AAW Studio, has completed several projects since its inception in 2005. He received his architectural training at the University of Kentucky and UCLA. He currently teaches architecture at Portland State University and previously taught at Woodbury University. www.aaw-studio.net
Jaclyn Thomforde received her Master of Architecture degree from Cornell University in 2008 where her thesis research investigated the role of material application and manipulation of public space in order to disrupt habitual behaviors of the 'everyday user'. She has worked at architecture firms in Minneapolis and New York.
Jacob M. Brostoff is a city planner at the City of Portland, Oregon. He holds a Master of Urban and Regional Planning with a specialization in environmental policy from Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, and a Bachelor of Arts in Linguistics from McGill University, Montréal, Canada. He is currently working on a documentary about the planning process in Portland.